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  • Writer's pictureMaria Cholakova

What is an Optician and What is Their Eye Care Expertise?

Do you know the expertise and responsibilities of the different eye health professionals? One integral member of the eye care team is an optician. Today we will explain in simple terms what an optician is and discuss their expertise.


Table of Content:


Who is an Optician?


Opticians work in optics shops and assist people with their eyewear needs. Unlike ophthalmologists and optometrists, opticians are not medical doctors and they cannot conduct eye exams or give a diagnosis.


The role and expertise of refractive error correction is to fit and dispense eyeglasses and contact lenses. They work closely with eye doctors (optometrists or ophthalmologists) to ensure you receive the appropriate prescription eyewear to meet your vision requirements.



Expertise in Eyewear and Vision Correction


So now that we know what an optician is, let's answer the other pressing question: What does an optician do? An optician possesses extensive knowledge and skills, related to eyewear and vision correction. They have to stay updated with the latest lens technologies, frame styles, and industry trends to provide the best services.


Opticians are responsible for various tasks pertaining to eyewear:

Assisting with Frame Selection

An optician can assist you in selecting the right eyeglass frames, compatible with your lens thickness and shape. The eye care consultant will guide you through the options to find frames that fit your style, comfort, and prescription requirements. Opticians consider factors such as face shape, personal preferences, and lifestyle.


Optician with patient

Lens Recommendations

Opticians can recommend the most suitable lenses for your eyeglasses, taking into account factors such as:

  • Lens material

  • Thickness

  • Coatings

As eye care consultants, opticians are able to explain the different types of lenses available. For example, single vision, bifocals, progressive lenses, and specialty lenses for specific visual needs (e.g., computer glasses, sports eyewear).


They could also educate you on the lens materials available. Such as polycarbonate, high-index, and Trivex, while considering factors like impact resistance, weight, and thickness.


Moreover, opticians could also guide you in selecting appropriate lens coatings. For instance, anti-reflective coatings to reduce glare, scratch-resistant coatings, and UV protection coatings to shield your eyes from UV sun rays.



Conducting Measurements

As part of their role, opticians take precise measurements of your eyes, including pupillary distance, to ensure the lenses fit correctly in the eyeglass frames. The aim is to optimize vision clarity and enhance comfort.


Fitting and Adjustments

A viral part of the optician's expertise is to ensure eyeglasses fit properly and comfortably. That includes making necessary adjustments to the frame, nose pads, and temples to achieve optimal alignment and stability.

Optician at work

Contact Lens Services

An optician may also provide guidance on contacts selection, fitting, and care. You can learn a ton about proper contact lens insertion, removal, and cleaning techniques from your optician. Their guidance could help you maintain good eye health and comfort with contact lenses.



In summary...


Through their expertise in eyewear selection, fitting, and adjustments, opticians play a vital role in helping you achieve optimal eyesight and comfort. Their knowledge of lenses, frames, and vision correction options ensures you find the most suitable frames and lenses for your refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism).


Next time you visit an optics store, feel confident knowing opticians are there to assist you in finding the perfect eyewear solution.


Learn more about eye care in the Ophthalmology24 blog.


All medical facts are checked by Atanas Bogoev, MD.

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