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  • Writer's pictureMaria Cholakova

Understanding Your Baby's Eyes: Development, Milestones, and Care

Updated: Apr 27, 2023

As a parent, you want to do everything you can to ensure your baby is healthy and happy. One important aspect of your baby's health is their vision. Understanding your baby's eyes and their development is key to spotting potential issues and ensuring they get the care they need.

The purpose of this article is to provide you with information about the development of your baby's eyes. We will talk about the key milestones to watch for and doctors' tips for caring for baby eyes.

Table of Content:

2.1. Newborns

Development of Your Baby's Eyes

A baby's eyes begin to develop as early as the first few weeks of pregnancy. During this time, the eyes start as tiny buds that eventually grow and form the structures necessary for sight.

The development of the eyes is a complex process that involves the interaction of genes, hormones, and environmental factors.

Keep in mind that each baby develops at their own pace. There can be clear individual variations in the timeline of visual development.
Mother looking at baby's eye development

If you have concerns about your baby's vision, you should speak to your physician or healthcare provider. They would be able to refer you to a pediatric ophthalmologist for further evaluation.

Timely vision screenings are critical to ensure your child's eyes are developing normally. As well as to detect any potential vision problems early on.

Baby Vision Milestones

Again, each baby develops at their own pace! However, there are some general milestones you can look for when it comes to your baby's vision that ensure it's all on track.


Newborns have limited vision, and their eyesight will continue to develop over the first few months of life. At birth, a baby's eyesight is about 1/20 of what it would be as an adult. Typically, babies can see objects that are only 20-25cm (8-10 inches) away. This is about the distance from their face to yours during feeding.

Note that infants also have an attraction to high-contrast patterns, such as black and white stripes. That is because these patterns are way easier to see and recognize.

2 to 4 Months

Between 2 to 4 months of age, your baby's eyes should be able to work together and track moving objects. They should also start to develop color vision. At this stage, a baby can see and differentiate colors, but it may not be able to distinguish between subtle shades.

4 to 8 Months

Your baby's depth perception and ability to judge distances should improve during this period. They may also start to show a preference for certain colors and shapes.

8 to 12 Months

At this age, a baby is typically able to see fine details and have a near-normal adult-like vision.

Baby Eyes

Caring for Your Baby's Eyes

While your baby's eyes are developing, there are some steps you can take to protect their vision. Here are some doctor's tips for caring for your child's eyes:

  • Provide plenty of visual stimulation

  • Show your baby high-contrast patterns, bright colors, and interesting objects

  • Use a hat or sunshade to shield and protect your baby's eyes from the sun's harmful rays

  • Keep their eyes clean (gently wipe away any discharge or debris from your baby's eyes with a clean damp cloth)

  • Watch for signs of eye problems (e.g. constant tearing; red or swollen eyes; misalignment, white or grayish looking pupil)

  • Be careful and actively prevent any eye injuries

Your baby's eyes are a vital part of their development. Understanding their growth and milestones can help you provide the care they need. By providing visual stimulation, keeping their eyes clean, and watching for signs of eye problems, you can help ensure your baby has healthy eyes and good vision for years to come.

The last and most important thing you can do for your baby's eye health is regular visits to the eye doctor for pediatric eye exams.

Read more about your and your child's eye health in the Ophthalmology24 blog.


All medical facts are checked by Atanas Bogoev M.D.

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